Mothers frequnetly become depressed. And for a rare few it leads to homicidal depression. According to an August 2007 article, “The Sad State of Unhappy Mothers in America,” by Kathy Murdock, on the web site AllBusiness.com, there are more than 82 million mothers in America, and almost half are unhappy. Close to one fourth are clinically depressed.
Jen Singer, in the parenting blog New York Times Motherlode, speculates that moms’ unhappiness stems from their being on the “exhausting perch” of parental responsibility. Singer is the creator of MommaSaid.net, as well as Stop Second Guessing Yourself, a series of parenting books. In a June 2009 post entitled “Adventures in Parenting,” she opines that women seem either to choose, or to be shoved, into the role of being super-responsible for “all things parenting.”
The intense pressure of being a parent affects one segment of mothers in a most extreme and horrific way. They kill their children. According to
Jocelyn Noveck’s April 16, 2011 article on Huffington Post Health, mothers murder at least 100 children a year. Keeping and finding accurate records is impossible, however, because many cases probably go undetected and therefore unreported; the young mothers who kill their newborns by smothering them or drowning them will forever lock that dark secret inside them.
“Well,” you might say, “these women are clearly psychotic.” Michelle Oberman, co-author of the 2001 book, Mothers Who Kill Their Children: Understanding the Acts of Moms from Susan Smith to the “Prom Mom,” agrees that some women are seriously ill, but that certainly is not the case across the board. “Sometimes depression is enough to send a woman over the edge,” she says.
Oberman, along with her co-author, Cheryl Meyer, interviewed women at the Ohio Reformatory for Women. Out of 1800 inmates, 80 had murdered at least one of their children. The two authors found no neat patterns and no boundaries of race, class or financial status. They came to the conclusion that isolation – a lack of emotional support – linked these women as did an impending divorce or nasty break-up with the father of the children.
Meyer, a professor at the School of Professional Psychology at Wright State University in Dayton, said in a 2007 online article on Cleveland.com: “I’ve met at least 40 women who’ve been convicted of killing their kids . . . I went into the room the way anybody would go into the room – expecting to see a monster. And what I saw was me. These were people just like me.”
Meyer says that since she has been doing research on this subject, many “normal” women have approached her with their stories of the times they almost killed their children. The recounting ranged from moments of intense frustration in which the mother was able to regain control and not harm her offspring, to the dangerous precipice where a mother was in the act of killing her child when an unexpected intervention by a third party stopped her.. “The reality,” says Meyer, “is the mother who kills her child is every mother, any mother.” (WeNews women’s enews.org, June 27, 2001).
In an August 7, 2010 CBS online report, Dr. Sara West, a psychiatrist at Case Western Reserve University and a specialist on the subject of parents who murder their children, gives five reasons why mothers kill their children:
- Altruism “refers to a parent who kills a child to relieve the suffering of the child.” The parent might be depressed and not want to leave their child behind in a terrible world.
- Acute psychosis applies to a parent who is mentally ill and kills her child in an irrational
- An unwanted child relates to a parent who believes the child hinders her from fulfilling her goals.
- Child maltreatment, which refers to an abusive parent who accidentally kills the child by going too far with abuse.
- Spousal revenge is the rarest form of the murder of a child by the parent. It’s also called the Medea Syndrome after the Greek myth of Medea, who kills her sons to get back at her unfaithful husband.
- Researchers Oberman and Meyer would probably include postpartum depression as one of the reasons for infanticide, especially following the isolation many experience after birth. Adding to the problem of after-birth depression, is that complaints of women in this category are frequently dismissed by doctors, family and friends.
An impressive December 2005 blog written by freelance writer, Kelly Banaski Sons, hits two nails right on the head. She believes that the number of mothers who kill their offspring will “continue to grow each year until societal norms maintain that this is not rare behavior.” The second nail is profound. “Mother love is not universal. All women are not natural loving mothers.” Bingo!
There is no reliable way to know how many mothers come close to killing their infants. But just considering the dark possibilities is deeply disheartening.
If, as a culture, we could briefly refrain from encouraging every woman and couple to make children – and if family and friends would stay alert to danger signs, especially when parents are clearly having trouble parenting their young – many of these tragic murders would never occur. If our culture could encourage women to think twice about whether they have the temperament to raise children, many of the most innocent would not be born into murderous environments before they have a chance at life.