Fertility experts are pretty certain that using in vitro fertilization (IVF) in order to produce one child is a lot safer than using it to give birth to twins. According to a recent Associated Press report many doctors strongly encourage those with fertility problems who opt for IVF to try for one child at a time.
Since the notorious “Octomom” blew the romance of multiple births right out of the money-making fertility industry with her eight simultaneous progeny, “big multiple births have gone way down, but the twin rate has barely budged,” says reporter Marilynn Marchione. That’s because parents-in-waiting are unaware that being pregnant with a duo tends to carry a higher risk of prematurity along with a higher risk of serious illness.
Consequently, many couples insist on two embryos, both to boost their chances of conception as well as to complete their family in one shot without paying through the nose for a repeat IVF.
Dr. Richard T. Scott, Jr., scientific director for Reproductive Medicine Associates of New Jersey, said that after explaining the risks of transferring two embryos to a woman’s womb it should be easy to convince patients to transfer only one embryo. Not so, says Dr. Fady Sharara of the Virginia Center for Reproductive Medicine in Reston, Virginia. Sharara offered 48 couples free medications and the opportunity to freeze their embryos if they would agree to transfer one embryo at a time. Eighteen couples turned down the offer, including one-quarter of those whose insurance was covering the treatment.
What does this tell us? According to Dr. Michael A Feinman, Medical Director of HRC Fertility in Southern California, patients skim over the risks of being pregnant with two. Some desire twins, thinking they are “cute.” Parents-to-be have little concept about how hard it is to handle these babes.
A lesser known issue is the self-centeredness involved in making twins via high tech IVF. Between 1980 and 2004, the rate of multiple births went up by 70 percent. The “risks to the health and well-being of the mother and babies—and the costs to society—are quite high.”
Dr. Feinman emphasizes that twin pregnancies cost society billions each year due to increased maternal hospitalizations that are necessitated by the need to stave off both premature births and “lifelong disabilities like cerebral palsy in twins.”
Here is a brief review of the risks of having twins:
- About 60 percent of twins are born prematurely.
- More than half of twins are born at less than 5 1/2 pounds, which is linked to disabilities such as mental retardation, cerebral palsy, as well as vision and hearing challenges.
- Women who carry twins are more likely to deliver by Caesarean section, which results in longer hospital stays due to longer recovery periods.
- About 10 percent of identical twins develop Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome (TTTS). A connection between the two babies’ blood vessels causes one baby to get too much blood flow and the other too little.
- Women delivering twins are more than twice as likely to develop preeclampsia, which involves high blood pressure, excessive weight gain, protein in the urine, severe headaches, edema, and visual disturbances, all of which can be dangerous for both mother and baby.
Perhaps if and when more couples get the message about the risks of bearing twins, more of them will opt to have one child. And isn’t it time for fertility specialists, many of whom who have extolled multiple births for fun and profit, to realize that it’s not simply the risks associated with multiple births that are problematic, it’s also the unsustainable number of people that inhabit our planet?