Freezing Eggs Extends Baby-Making Years, But is This a Good Thing?

            Recently, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) lifted the experimental label from human egg freezing techniques. The Practice Committee of ASRM issued an October 22, 2012 report that egg freezing produces pregnancy rates “comparable to IVF [in-vitro fertilization] cycles using fresh eggs” and resulting in the birth of a healthy baby.

            Marcia C. Inhorn, a Yale professor of anthropology and international affairs, wrote an opinion piece for explaining the wonders of this new fertility technique.

            The prospective mother’s eggs are flash frozen and stored in an egg bank, which paves the way for “ambitious” career women to put off motherhood until they are good and ready.  This means that women can stop worrying about their biological clocks, become mothers in their 40s and 50s, and voila! have it all.

Freezing human eggs

Cryogenically preserving eggs. Photo -www.

            It’s true that many professional women put off having children in order to build their careers. Some wake up one day and realize that their fertility is dwindling. But even if it’s possible to become a birth parent in middle or late middle age, is that necessarily a good thing?

            Dr. Inhorn lightly touches on the negatives of being an older parent:  The age gap between mothers and their children may lead to “poorer, less energetic parenting;” an increased possibility that young children may lose their mothers early on through death; and on the work front, a culture could develop wherein some employers expect professional women to postpone becoming parents.

            The issue of older parents being far removed from their children’s social milieu can be a real problem. Two comments posted in response to Inhorn’s piece tell the tale:

            “I can attest that having parents in their 50s while I was a teenager was not the most fun. This article lacks any insight into what the effects on children of this sort of thing are.” While it is not at all uncommon for people to become parents in their 30s, thereby having teenagers in their 50s, this commenter had problems.

            But it could get worse. “My parents were 47 and 50 when they had me,” says another commenter. “You can’t parent at that age; no energy and too socially removed from the child’s generation.”

            The increased probability of older parents’ deaths before their offspring graduate from high school or college, or marry, is an issue as well. While older parents have the advantages of mental stability, financial security, and inner resources that make them more relaxed parents, they also have concerns related to illness and death.  Will they live to see their child become an adult?  Will elderly parents become a burden to their offspring just as the kid steps into adulthood?

            Given these concerns, why do youngish professional women want to freeze their eggs to be fertilized at a later date?  Simply to have the option of bearing children in middle age and not give up their professional life to do it, of course.

              “My female graduate students often ask me for advice on how to become a successful professor, while also having kids,” Inhorn wrote in her CNN opinion piece. She usually recommends that they find a supportive partner. But she’s added one more piece of questionable wisdom. “Consider freezing your eggs as you approach your mid-30s, so you can choose when to become a mother.”

            Never mind the selfish motivation to be a parent at any age, or the seven billion-plus who already over-inhabit the planet, or the older-parent effect on offspring.  Never mind that there already are Enough of Us. Just keep opting to have it all.

               For related issues, we encourage the reader to check out our two-part column, “As Americans Age … “




  1. I pretty much agree with your article, although there are some points where my own experience has differed. Dear friends of mine married late in life and had a child (the only one) when the mother was 46. What you describe above about older parents simply did not occur, perhaps because the couple had many friends who were young parents. Their son grew to be highly accomplished in many disciplines and certainly received full and energetic parenting. His mom was an Italian lawyer who gave up practicing when they moved to the US, and his father was a professor, giving him ample time with his child.

    I saw other similar cases when my daughter was growing up in Palo Alto. I suppose that having one or two parents in academe helps; they simply don’t work throughout the year, and often their schedules are flexible. It’s odd that Inhorn uses aspiring professors as examples for egg-freezing when their work affects children less than it does for people in other professions.

  2. Wow, Very interesting topic i have ever heard. Nice way to freeze egg and to be fertilized at a later date. Thank you so much for sharing such a wonderful topic here. For enhancing our knowledge on fertility one must go through it.

    Freezing Eggs NYC

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